@keyframes - CSS Animation

0 views - 2 minutes readEdit this post

I rely on your support to keep this website running. If you find the content valuable, please consider making a small donation. whether it’s ₹25/$1 or ₹500/$5.

Donate

Secured by Stripe

Animations are pretty cool, aren't they? yes, they are, but you might think adding animations to the website is complex and challenging. But what if I say you can add some pretty cool animation using CSS?

Let's get started

We can add animation to our website using CSS @keyframes it's just as easy as writing normal CSS. In CSS using the animation property we can add some basic animations to Div or to any text.

Syntax

We can use the animation property in CSS.

.container {
  animation: time identifier animation_style;
}

@keyframes identifier {
  /* Keyframes */
}

You see in CSS we can add animation frame by frame which is pretty cool and you can do so much just with @keyframes in CSS. Let's see an example.

Example

Let's assume we have div in html with class container.

<div class="container"></div>

Here we are trying to create animation that automatically changes color frame by frame.

Preview

Let's write our CSS now!

.container {
  background-color: red;
  animation: 3s changeColor infinite;
}

@keyframes changeColor {
  0% {
    background-color: red;
  }
  50% {
    background-color: yellow;
  }

  70% {
    background-color: green;
  }
  100% {
    background-color: red;
  }
}

Explaination

Let's understand the code a bit more. Here we had a div with a class name of container we used .continer in the CSS file to target the specific.

Now to the div, we added the CSS animation property,

animation: 3s changeColor infinite;

And after adding the animation property we added @keyframes to animate the div. Let's understand @keyframes.

In CSS @keyframes are used to give animation to the animation property. For the @keyframes identifier we use the same identifier we added in the animation property in CSS

animation: 3s changeColor infinite;

@keyframes changeColor{
  /**Same name as identifier in animation property. */
}

Let's divide the @keyframes

@keyframes changeColor {
  0% {
    background-color: red;
  }
  50% {`
    background-color: yellow;
  }

  70% {
    background-color: green;
  }
  100% {
    background-color: red;
  }

Now as you can we provided some frames like 0%, 10% etc. Now it represents the framing of animation. Here what I mean is when animation just started the frame will be 0% when animation is finished half the frames will be 50% when animation is finished the frames will be 100%.

So basically in this block of @keyframes code, we added some frames like when the animation frame is 0% background-color of .container will be red. just like that, we change the color according to the frames.

When the animation is running it will look something like this,

Preview

So yeah that's the most basic of @keyframes and CSS animations.

Animation Delay property

CSS animation has some more properties like,

animation-delay: The value/Time provided in this property will delay the animation by that value/time

If we add animation-delay: 1s; then the animation will run after 1 second

So yeah CSS animation still has more properties to learn but we'll end this basics article here. Thank you for reading!

Did you enjoyed the post?

Twitter (x)